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The Pandeiro

In a country rich in rhythms and full of a variety of instruments, the pandeiro is considered the Brazilian national instrument and an icon of samba. The pandeiro is a tambourine with a head made of either animal (goat, calf) skin or plastic. The jingles have a drier sound than most American tambourines. It comes in various sizes, from 8" to 16" across. The most common sizes are 10", 11" and 12". Although the pandeiro is most commonly associated with samba, it is also used in almost all other Brazilian rhythms and music, including rock, funk and pop.

Some artists that helped introduce the pandeiro in many musical styles are: João da Baiana, Jackson do Pandeiro, Dona Selma do Côco, Carlinhos Pandeiro de Ouro,Bira presidente, Marcos Suzano, amoung others. .

 

Em um país tão rico ritmicamente e com uma quantidade enorme de instrumentos brasileiros, nüs temos o pandeiro como simbolo nacional e do samba. Mesmo sendo um instrumento musical associado ao samba, o pandeiro pode ser usado em diferentes rítmos nacionais e estrangeiro. Joao da Baiana é a pessoa que tem o crédito de ter introduzido o pandeiro ao samba. (nota-se que antes disso, o pandeiro já era tocado em outros rítmos)

Outros artistas que ajudaram ao desenvolvimento de rítmos e técnicas ou que de uma maneira ou outra divulgaram esse precioso instrumento ao mundo foram: Jackson do Pandeiro, Dona Selma do Côco, Carlinhos Pandeiro de Ouro,Bira presidente, Marcos Suzano, entre outros.

Position of the instrument


First the pandeiro is usually held by your weaker hand, so if you are right handed you will hold it with your left hand.

O pandeiro e segurado pela mão mais débil. Se você e Destro ( direito ) segure com a tua mão esquerda, e vice versa.

LEGEND


Figure 1 -You will play with your thumb close to the edge of the pandeiro (T)brazil tambourine pandeiro frame drum samba

Figure 2 -The finger tips will hit the edge of the pandeiro. Note that you use the very tips of your fingers, close to the fingernails. (F)

brazil tambourine pandeiro frame drum samba

Figure 3 -This will be with the heel of the hand. (H)brazil tambourine pandeiro frame drum samba

Rhythms
Samba (basic)

1 e & a 2 e & a
T F H F T F H F

Click here to hear Samba!

First Variation
1 e & a 2 e & a 1 e & a 2 e & a
T F H F T F H F T F H F T F F T

Click here to hear Variation 1!

Second Variation

1 e & a 2 e & a 1 e & a 2 e & a
T F H F T F F T T F H F T F F T

Click here to hear Variation 2!

Baião ( Baion)

1 e & a 2 e & a 1 e & a 2 e & a
T F H T F H F H T F H T F H F H

Click here to hear Baião!

brazil tambourine pandeiro frame drum sambaEmiliano Benevides
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