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Ektaal Theka Kaida Tihai

12 Matra-s Taal
Ektaal, Theka, Kaida-s and Tihai-
s

By Peyman Nasehpoor 

Introduction

Four major rhythms used in Indian Classical music are: Teentaal (16 beats), Ektaal (12 beats), Jhaptaal (10 beats) and Rupak (7 beats). Kaharba (8 beats) and Dadra (6 beats) are the most common rhythms used in light Indian Classical music.

  Ektaal is one of the most common rhythms used in Indian Classical music (vocal, instrumental and dance music) with all different laya-s (tempos). There are so many versions in different gharana-s (stylistic schools of music in India). I give the one who has written in the great book, Tabla -- Lessons and Practice 2nd Edition, by Pandit Aloke Dutta.

Ektaal is in 12 matra-s (beats) divided into 2+2+2+2+2+2 and in another way into 3+3+3+3.

One of the most famous ektaal theka-s (main cycle) is:

Dhin Dhin Dha Ge TeRe KeTe Tun Na
Kat Ta Dha Ge TeRe KeTe Dhin Na

Now I give some ektaal kaida-s.

Ektaal Kaida No. 1 from [D]:

Dha Ge Na Te Te Dha Ge Na Te Te Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ke Na Te Te Ta Ke Na Te Te Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Now I give some kaida-s similar to the ektaal kaida No. 1. I have composed them some years ago, but it is very natural that some other people have composed the same or similar kaida-s.

Dha Te Te Dha Ge Na Te Te Dha Dha Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Te Te Ta Ke Na Te Te Dha Dha Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Dha Ge Na Te Te Te Te Dha Ge Na Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ke Na Te Te Te Te Ta Ke Na Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Dha Ge Na Te Te -- Dha Ge Na Te Te -- Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ke Na Te Te -- Ta Ke Na Te Te -- Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Dha -- Te Te Dha Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta -- Te Te Ta Ke Na Dha Ti Dha Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Dha Ge Na Dha Te Te Dha Ge Na Dha Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ke Na Ta Te Te Ta Ke Na Ta Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Dha Te Te Dha Ge Na Te Te Dha Ge Na Te Te Dha Ge Na Te Te Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Te Te Ta Ke Na Te Te Ta Ke Na Te Te Ta Ke Na Te Te Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Te Te Dha Ge Na Te Te Dha Ge Na Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Te Te Ta Ke Na Te Te Ta Ke Na Te Te Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Ektaal Kaida No. 2

Ka Ta Dha Ti Dha Ge Na Na Ti Dha Ge Na Dha Dha Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ka Ta Ta Ti Ta Ke Na Na Ti Ta Ke Na Dha Dha Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Similar kaida-s are:

Ka Ta Dha Ti Dha Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ge Na Dha Dha Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ka Ta Ta Ti Ta Ke Na Ta Ti Ta Ke Na Dha Dha Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Dha Ge Na Ka Ta Dha Ti Dha Ge Na Te Te Dha Dha Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ke Na Ka Ta Ta Ti Ta Ke Na Te Te Dha Dha Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

 

Ektaal Kaida No. 3:

Dha Ti Dha Ti Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ti Ge Na Dha Ti Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ti Ta Ti Ke Na Ta Ti Ta Ti Ke Na Dha Ti Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

 

Ektaal Kaida No. 4:

It is possible to use the phrases Dha Te Te, Dha Dha Te Te and Dha Dha Dha Te Te to make so many ektaal kaida-s.

Here I give some samples:

Dha Te Te Dha Te Te Dha Te Te Dha Te Te Dha -- Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Te Te Ta Te Te Ta Te Te Ta Te Te Dha -- Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Dha Dha Te Te Dha Dha Te Te Dha Dha Te Te Dha -- Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ta Te Te Ta Ta Te Te Ta Ta Te Te Dha -- Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

Dha Dha Dha Te Te Dha Dha Dha Te Te Dha Ti Dha -- Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ta Ta Te Te Ta Ta Ta Te Te Ta Ti Dha -- Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

 

Ektaal Kaida No. 5:

Dha Ti Dha Na Tu Na Dha Ti Dha Na Tu Na Dha Na Tu Na Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ti Ta Na Tu Na Ta Ti Ta Na Tu Na Dha Na Tu Na Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

 

Ektaal Kaida No. 6:

Dha -- Te Te Dha -- Dha -- Te Te Dha -- Dha -- Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta -- Te Te Ta -- Ta -- Te Te Ta -- Dha -- Te Te Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

 

Ektaal Kaida No. 7:

Dha Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ge Na Dhi Na Ge Na Dha Ti Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ke Na Ta Ti Ta Ke Na Tu Na Ke Na Dha Ti Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

 

Ektaal Kaida No. 8 from [D]:

Ge Na Ga Dha Te Te Dha Dha TeRe KeTe Dhe Te Dha Ti Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ke Na Ka Ta Te Te Dha Dha TeRe KeTe Dhe Te Dha Ti Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

 

Ektaal Kaida No. 9:

Dha Ge Na Na Te Te Dha Ge Na Na Te Te Dha Ge Na Na Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ke Na Na Te Te Ta Ke Na Na Te Te Dha Ge Na Na Dha Ti Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

 

Ektaal Kaida No. 10:

Dha Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ge Na Dha Ti Dha Ge Na Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ke Na Ta Ti Ta Ke Na Ta Ti Ta Ke Na Ta Ti Dha Ge Na Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

 

Ektaal Kaida No. 11:

Dha Ge Na Dha TeRe KeTe Dhe Te Dha Ge Na Na
Dha Dha TeRe KeTe Dhe Te Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Ta Ke Na Ta TeRe KeTe The Te Ta Ke Na Na
Dha Dha TeRe KeTe Dhe Te Dha Ga Dhi Na Ge Na

 

Ektaal Tihai-s:

Ektaal tihai-s are a little bit tricky! The assumption of repeating three times a phrase in k beats started from sam and ended on the other sam gives us the equation 3k=12n+1 and this equation in the field of natural numbers does not have any solution, because k=(12n+1)/3 cannot be a natural number!

Anyway the ektaal tihai given in [D] offers us the general ektaal tihai formula and I give a sample and the others can be made similarly.

 

Ektaal Tihai from [D]:

Dha Dha Te Te Dha Dha Te Te Dha Dha Te Te
Dha, -- -- -- -- -- Dha Dha Te Te Dha Dha
Te Te Dha Dha Te Te Dha, -- -- -- -- --
Dha Dha Te Te Dha Dha Te Te Dha Dha Te Te
Dha.

 

Ektaal Tihai:

Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Dha, -- -- -- -- -- Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti
Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na Dha, -- -- -- -- --
Dha Dha Ge Ne Dha Ti Dha Ga Tu Na Ke Na
Dha.


Reference:

[D]: Aloke Dutta, Tabla (Lessons and Practice), 2nd Edition, Texas, 1995.




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