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Composed Rhythms of Ostad Nasser Farhangfar

Composed Rhythms of Ostad Nasser Farhangfar

Peyman Nasehpour © 2002

Abstract

Tonbak (a kind of goblet drum) is the chief percussion skinned instrument of Persia. Great masters of tonbak, especially Ostad Hossein Tehrani and Ostad Nasser Farhangfar, have in recent times advanced playing techniques and have created new rhythms and have refined many old rhythms.

Introduction

Ostad Nasser Farhangfar, one of the outstanding tonbak players of last century, has created new techniques and has composed new rhythms. He was very talent in composing beautiful rhythms spontaneously. In this article I will discuss some of these rhythms.

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Encyclopedia of Persian Percussion Instruments

Encyclopedia of Persian Percussion Instruments

Peyman Nasehpour © 2002

 A B C D G J K M N R S T Z

Akhlakandu: A very ancient percussion instrument. It was made of skull that it includes gravel stones in it. Today its name is Jeghjeghe that literally means rattle. It was played by shaking the instrument.

Ajlakandu: Another name of Akhlakandu.

Alvah: It is a set of wooden or metallic plates that is played by being struck with sticks.

Arabaneh: A kind of frame drum, maybe with jingles.

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Ostad Nasser Farhangfar

Ostad Nasser Farhangfar was a brilliant poet and calligrapher as well as a great tonbak artist. The above poem is one of the most famous verses composed by him. Maybe it can be translated to:

We wrote at the Gate of the Existence:
The sorrow of not having camaraderie killed us!

This genius of tonbak has added the most favorite style of tonbak playing after the father of modern tonbak, Ostad Hosain Tehrani. Many artists have praised his style. Some of his compositions are more attractive than the melodies, which his tonbak accompanies. Therefore you concentrate on the tonbak involuntary. Here there are some lines in remembrance of this great man.

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Ostad Latif Tahmasebi-zadeh

Ostad Latif Tahmasebi-zadeh
A legendary Ghaval Player

Peyman Nasehpour © 2002

 A recognized master of ghaval (Azerbaijani frame drum), Ostad Latif Tahmasebi-zadeh, was born in the city of Ardebil in province of Azerbaijan in Iran, 1944.

His father, Majid Tahmasebi-zadeh moved to Baku (capital of today Republic of Azerbaijan) in order to find a good job. After moving to Baku he learnt garman (Azerbaijani organ similar to European accordion). Ostad Latif Tahmasebi-zadeh was interested in ghaval and he started learning it at the age of fourteen. He initially learnt ghaval by observing ghaval players and visually studying their techniques during their performances in the wedding ceremonies (toylar). After learning ghaval, he started playing ghaval in wedding ceremonies (toylar) and gradually he became famous

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Ostad Hosain Tehrani (1912-1974)

In Remembrance of Ostad Hosain Tehrani (1912-1974)

Peyman Nasehpour © 2002

 It is really hard for me to write in remembrance of the late Ostad Hosain Tehrani who is the father of modern tonbak. He changed the negative view that people had about tonbak and tonbak players.

Every musician that remembers him, not only talks about his great art, but also about his kindness and his true courtesy.

He was born in 1912 in Tehran. Once that he had gone to zourkhaneh (Persian traditional gymnasium) he felt that he loved the tonbak of the morshed (Morshed is the singer and tonbak player of zourkhaneh that leads the athletes to practise marshal art in zourkhaneh. Morshed literally means spiritual guide.) So when he went back to their house, he made a hole at the end of a clay vase and covered the bigger mouth with skin and started playing his first strokes of tonbak on it.

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