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The Percussion of the ancient Middle East region of Persia
Drums
Dohol
Dohol
Introduction. Dohol is a double-headed cylindrical drum for accompanying the sorna (Persian oboe) to be played in outdoors in regional music of Persia in the festive ceremonies. Different names are applied for this drum in Iran and other countries. In this article I will discuss different...Read More >>
Ghaval
Ghaval
Dzhabbar Kariagdiev Ghaval (not to be confused with qawwali music) the Azerbaijani frame drum is played in Azerbaijani folk and art music. In folk music of Azerbaijan Ashigh (poet-musician) sings and plays on gopuz (nine-stringed long-necked lute) and sometimes composes poems in differe...Read More >>
Igha
igha
Igha' (Theory of Old Rhythms) Peyman Nasehpour © 2002 A Brief Discussion of Rhythm Cycles (Advar-e-Igha'i)   Introduction Safi al-Din Ormavi, one of the most celebrated Persian theorists and musicians, was born in Orumiyyeh city of Azerbaijan province in Iran. H...Read More >>
Kettledrums
Kettledrums
Kettledrums of Iran and other countries Peyman Nasehpour ©2002  Introduction. Persian large-sized kettledrums are called Kus. Many poets have mentioned the word Kus in their works. It is a pair of drums made of clay, wood or metal in the form of a hemispherical kettl...Read More >>
Daf
The Daf - Peyman Nasehpoor
Frame drums are most ancient type of musical instruments. They have a simple structure with strong spiritual and entertainment effect. Frame drums are usually round made of wood with animal skin and sometimes metal rings or plates incorporated into the drum to provide jingle. They h...Read More >>
Tonbak Strokes
Tonbak Strokes
Abstract The tombak (also called zarb) is the principal percussion instrument of Persian classical music. Its technique involves innumerable strokes and techniques employing all the fingers of both hands, alone and in combination. Strokes on the tombak and strokes on the doumbek (Arabic/Turkish-s...Read More >>
Historical Persian Drum Paintings
Historical Persian Drum Paintings
Drums in Persian Paintings A Research by Peyman Nasehpour and Mehdi Moghiceh (Painter) ©2002   Painted by Soltan Mohammad in 1519 .....................Painted in 1590 probably by Soltan Mohammad......... ............  We found the two above painting...Read More >>
Notating Tonbak Rhythms
Notating Tonbak Rhythms
Two Systems for Notating Rhythms Played on the Tombak (Zarb) Peyman Nasehpour and Matt Hannafin © 2002 There are two systems for notating rhythms played on the tombak (Persian goblet drum). This article introduces both, and explains the various symbols used to indicate all the b...Read More >>
Social Status of Tonbak Players
Social Status of Tonbak Players
Social Status of Tonbak Players Peyman Nasehpour © 2002 Social Status of the Tonbak Players of the Past Tonbak was not considered as a solo instrument in the past. I should explain that in Ghajar period vocalists were of two kinds: avazkhan and tasnifkhan. The avazkhan's job was to sing the no...Read More >>
Associated Articles
Introduction to Persian Percussion
The structure of a tonbakIntroduction

Tonbak does not have a standard size. Some people play on a large Tonbak and some on a small tonbak. Some like Tonbaks with convex-formed body and some don't. The different form...Read More >>

Persian Percussion Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia of Persian Percussion Instruments

Encyclopedia of Persian Percussion Instruments

Peyman Nasehpour © 2002

 A B C D G J K M N R S T Z

Akhlakandu: A very ancient percussion instrument. It was made of skull...Read More >>

Tonbak Names
Different Names for the Tonbak

A Research for Different Names of Tonbak

Peyman Nasehpour © 2001

 Abstract

Tonbak is the chief percussion skinned instrument of Persian art music. In this article, I try...Read More >>

Composed Rhythms of Ostad Nasser Farhangfar
Composed Rhythms of Ostad Nasser Farhangfar

Composed Rhythms of Ostad Nasser Farhangfar

Peyman Nasehpour © 2002

Abstract

Tonbak (a kind of goblet drum) is the chief percussion skinned instrument of Persia. Great masters of tonbak, espe...Read More >>

Historical Tonbak Players
Historical Tonbak players

Tonbak Players of the Past

Peyman Nasehpour © 2002

 Introduction

In this article I try to recall some Tonbak players of the past that there is not much information a...Read More >>

Ostah Hosain Tehrani
Ostad Hosain Tehrani (1912-1974)

In Remembrance of Ostad Hosain Tehrani (1912-1974)

Peyman Nasehpour © 2002

 It is really hard for me to write in remembrance of the late Ostad Hosain Tehrani who is the fa...Read More >>

Ostad Latid Tahmasebi-zadeh
Ostad Latif Tahmasebi-zadeh

Ostad Latif Tahmasebi-zadeh
A legendary Ghaval Player

Peyman Nasehpour © 2002

 A recognized master of ghaval (Azerbaijani frame drum), Ostad Latif Tahmasebi-zadeh, was bo...Read More >>

Ostad Nasser Farhangfar
Ostad Nasser Farhangfar

Ostad Nasser Farhangfar was a brilliant poet and calligrapher as well as a great tonbak artist. The above poem is one of the most famous verses composed by him. Maybe it can be translated to:...Read More >>

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